Many of John’s omissions can be interpreted in this way, even though the logic is clearly circular. , The majority of scholars see four sections in John's gospel: a prologue (1:1–18); an account of the ministry, often called the "Book of Signs" (1:19–12:50); the account of Jesus' final night with his disciples and the passion and resurrection, sometimes called the "book of glory" (13:1–20:31); and a conclusion (20:30–31); to these is added an epilogue which most scholars believe did not form part of the original text (Chapter 21). Since Nero died in June of 68, the year 69-70 seems most likely as a date of writing for Revelation, with the caveat that if it was written in 70 it was before July when Jerusalem was destroyed.  Bultmann, for example, argued that the opening theme of the Gospel of John, the pre-existing Logos, along with John's duality of light versus darkness in his Gospel were originally Gnostic themes that John adopted. John’s Gospel and 1, 2, & 3 John all focus on God’s love (cf. Ireneus (c. A.D. 130-202) was the first to name the gospel of John and said that it was written after the other gospels from Ephesus 1. Patristic evidence seems to confirm that John wrote the Gospel. The author was also familiar with non-Jewish sources: the Logos of the prologue (the Word that is with God from the beginning of creation), for example, was derived from both the Jewish concept of Lady Wisdom and from the Greek philosophers, John 6 alludes not only to the exodus but also to Greco-Roman mystery cults, and John 4 alludes to Samaritan messianic beliefs.  The following are some examples of their differences in just one area, that of the material they include in their narratives:, In the Synoptics, the ministry of Jesus takes a single year, but in John it takes three, as evidenced by references to three Passovers. Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D. , Luke and Acts. Scholars have long considered the Gospel of John to be one of the latest written texts in the New Testament. A second leading factor in the discussion is that the Synoptic gospels are clearly in a conversation amongst themselves and they have in common roughly 90% of their material; whereas the Gospel of John can often be considered as a later commentary to that early conversation. The Gospel of John John is the fourth Gospel, and it was written to prove conclusively that Jesus Christ of God and that all individuals who believe in him will have eternal life. The last gospel, in the New Testament, was written by John. Mark, as mentioned, was likely the first written Gospel. The gospel has been depicted in live narrations and dramatized in productions, skits, plays, and Passion Plays, as well as in film. Perhaps the most basic assumption regarding the date of composition of the Gospel of John is its theology in comparison to the other three gospels. ", John reached its final form around AD 90–110, although it contains signs of origins dating back to AD 70 and possibly even earlier. The Hellenistic Jewish philosopher Philo merged these two themes when he described the Logos as God's creator of and mediator with the material world.  By the same token, scholars usually agree that John is not entirely without historical value: certain sayings in John are as old or older than their synoptic counterparts, his representation of the topography around Jerusalem is often superior to that of the synoptics, his testimony that Jesus was executed before, rather than on, Passover, might well be more accurate, and his presentation of Jesus in the garden and the prior meeting held by the Jewish authorities are possibly more historically plausible than their synoptic parallels.. None of the gospels mention the destruction of …  To say John's gospel contained elements of Gnosticism is to assume that Gnosticism had developed to a level that required the author to respond to it. , Many incidents from John, such as the wedding in Cana, the encounter of Jesus with the Samaritan woman at the well, and the raising of Lazarus, are not paralleled in the synoptics, and most scholars believe the author drew these from an independent source called the "signs gospel", the speeches of Jesus from a second "discourse" source, and the prologue from an early hymn.  In this sense, it was similar to the Hebrew concept of Wisdom, God's companion and intimate helper in creation.  It most likely arose within a "Johannine community", and as it is closely related in style and content to the three Johannine epistles most scholars treat the four books, along with the Book of Revelation, as a single corpus of Johannine literature, albeit not from the same author. 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